There are three aspects of sustainable mining: economic, environmental and social. In Guyana, small and medium-scale mining (S-MSM) contributes to national development in several ways: through the payment of royalties and other taxes; through the upkeep of local hinterland communities; through the creation of employment and investment opportunities; and through the demonstration of Guyana’s territorial sovereignty. Despite these positive contributions, S-MSM of gold and diamond creates a range of negative environmental, social, health and safety problems. Miners engage in practices that are harmful to their own health and safety, the health and well- being of surrounding communities, and the environment at large. These effects need to be identified and their impacts reduced.


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